1 complete power over a person or situation; "corporations have a strangelhold on the media"; "the president applied a chokehold to labor disputes that inconvenienced the public" [syn: chokehold, throttlehold]
2 a wrestling hold in which the arms are pressed against the opponent's windpipe
- German: Würgegriff
A chokehold or stranglehold (in budo referred to as shime-waza, 絞技, "constriction technique") is a grappling hold that strangles the opponent, and leads to unconsciousness or even death. Chokeholds are practiced and used in martial arts, combat sports, self-defense, law-enforcement and in military hand to hand combat application. They are generally considered superior compared to brute-force manual strangling, which usually requires a large disparity in physical strength to be effective. Instead of simply using the fingers or arms to attempt to crush the neck, chokeholds effectively use leverage such as figure-four holds or collar holds that use the clothes to assist in the strangle. Depending on the reaction of the victim, it may compress the airway, interfere with the flow of blood in the neck, or work as a combination of the two (see the 'General' section in the article on strangling for further detail).
The word also refers to an occupied state where the occupiers severely prevent any kind of civil rights, quelling all opposition and/or resistance.
Blood chokeA blood choke or carotid restraint specifically refers to a chokehold that compresses one or both carotid arteries and/or the jugular veins without compressing the airway, hence causing cerebral ischemia and a temporary hypoxic condition in the brain. Regardless of who the opponent is, a well applied blood choke leads to unconsciousness in 4-10 seconds, and if released, the subject usually regains consciousness in double the time the choke was applied after he/she had blacked out (e.g. Choke applied for 15 seconds after person passed out results in the person regaining consciousness 30 seconds later). Compared to traditional manual strangulation, properly applied blood chokes require little physical strength, and can be applied successfully by a comparatively weak person. The Singapore Police Force does not include any form of chokehold procedures in its unarmed defensive techniques.
List of chokeholds
- Anaconda choke — Choke starting with attacker facing the opponent on all fours. Attacker passes his leading arm under the neck, and outside past one of the opponents arm while then grabbing his free arms biceps (resulting in similar arm positioning to a rear naked choke). The attacker then arches his back, bending backward to apply the choke. (Not to be confused with a gator roll choke, which involves the roll)
- Arm triangle choke — Similar to the leg triangle choke except that it is performed from above a grounded opponent using the arms.
- Gator Roll Choke — Choke starting with attacker facing the opponent on all fours. Attacker passes his leading arm under the opponents arm, and inside under the opponents neck while then grabbing his free arms biceps (resulting in similar arm positioning to a rear naked choke). The attacker then drops his opponent onto his back, then follows through bridging to create additional pressure. (Not to be confused with an anaconda choke, which does not involve the roll)
- Gi-choke — Any choke applied by using the own or the opponents gi (i.e. uniform), most commonly used in Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (Example: Ezequiel choke).
- Gogoplata — Variation on the Omoplata shoulder lock. Performed from full guard by using an omoplata setup to trap the top man's arm, then using rubber guard to pull the bottom man's foot past the top man's head, pressing the shin of that leg against the throat. The bottom man then pulls on his oppenents head, cutting off the airflow and forcing him to submit or risk passing out from lack of oxygen.
- Guillotine choke — Applied in front of and above the opponent, holding their neck in the crook of the elbow. A common finishing hold in mixed martial arts. finishing hold in mixed martial arts competition.
- Triangle choke — Applied from below, with the opponent's neck trapped in a triangle formed by their own arm and the attacker's thigh and calf. A top finishing hold in mixed martial arts.). In Judo technical terminology, blood chokes are referred to as 'strangleholds' or 'strangles' while air chokes are called 'chokeholds' or 'chokes'.
stranglehold in German: Würgegriff
stranglehold in French: Étranglement (art martial)
stranglehold in Japanese: 絞め技
stranglehold in Polish: Duszenie (chwyt)
stranglehold in Swedish: Strypning
stranglehold in Contenese: 迷魂鎖
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